Decortication is a difficult process. From the Latin: "to remove the bark from". Hemp is one of the toughest crops of all - it's strength, composition and length all pose problems. First is the fibre strength whichs exceeds all other crops. The lignum that binds the fibres together is a plant glue which must be removed for most uses. The inner core hurd is nearly pure cellulose. It is bound to the outer fibres and must be removed from the fibres to be useful. The length of the stalks encourage wrapping around moving parts. This will bind, heat up and catch fire.
This new R-2 design is based partly upon decorticator machines built for other crops, such as banana, pineapple, sisal and palm. Hemp patents from the 1940's were included in the design; updated with modern CAD design and material specifications. Advances made over the past seventy years are significant when it comes to building farm equipment to handle hemp crops.
Final decorticator machine-head system is being built into a self contained 40' unit that includes all critical functions: power, input, processing, throughput, dust control & waste handling. Additional off-the-shelf bale rippers and baling equipment complete an installation. This is a semi-portable unit designed to be run outdoors.