October 17th cannabis was legalized for all purposes in Canada. Industrial hemp was impacted by the change in legislation.  CannaSystems lobbied for the hemp regulations to be modified over the past year. 


Regulation of industrial hemp seed

Cultivation of industrial hemp has been permitted in Canada since 1998 and is currently regulated by Health Canada under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act. Health Canada licences the cultivation of hemp under the Industrial Hemp Regulations (1998).

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency's (CFIA) regulates the import, export, certification and grading of industrial hemp seed under the following acts and regulations:

Note: The updated Industrial Hemp Regulations will be coming into force on October 17, 2018. At that time, industrial hemp will cease to be regulated under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act. Instead, it will be regulated under the Cannabis Act. For more information, visit the Government of Canada's cannabis web portal to get the facts about cannabis in Canada or contact Health Canada at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Cultivation, sale, import and/or export of industrial hemp seed

Anyone wishing to cultivate industrial hemp is required to obtain a licence from Health Canada. Providers/sellers, processors, importers and exporters of hemp seed or viable grain (not fibre) also require a licence from Health Canada.

Seed importers are required to be a Registered Seed Establishment with the permit to import industrial hemp issued by Health Canada. Additionally, each imported shipment of seed requires a phytosanitary certificate, and if the import is from outside the continental United States, a CFIA import permit issued under the Plant Protection Act. Seed exporters are required to meet importing country's requirements.

CFIA's role in the regulation of industrial hemp seed

With respect to the administration of the Industrial Hemp Regulations, the responsibility of the CFIA is limited to the provision of pedigreed seed crop inspection and an advisory role in determining the List of Approved Cultivars.

The CFIA's Seeds Act and Seeds Regulations and Plant Protection Act and Regulations regulate industrial hemp in the following ways:

  • delivery of the pedigreed seed crop inspection system:
    • Industrial Hemp Regulations stipulate that hemp seed must be of pedigreed status
  • delivery of the Registered Seed Establishment program:
    • hemp seed must be imported by a Registered Seed Establishment in order to maintain the pedigreed status of the seed
  • labelling requirements from the Seeds Act and Regulations apply to seed of industrial hemp
  • import:
  • hemp is not subject to Variety Registration in Canada
  • the production of pedigree status seed is facilitated by the Canadian Seed Growers' Association eligibility for certification (Form 300) process

Additional government and industry information

After decades of prohibition, the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill finally heralds the end of federal hemp prohibition. The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, commonly referred to as the Farm Bill, contains several provisions relating to the often maligned cannabis variety, but perhaps none more notable than the removal of cannabis and cannabis derivatives containing less than .3 percent THC content from the Controlled Substances Act, where hemp had previously been included with marijuana as a Schedule I controlled substance.

While the bill deals with a range of agricultural issues, its passage sets the stage for a federally legal industry for the first time since the brief abandonment of hemp prohibition during World War II. The measure  aligns hemp farmers with those growing other crops, bringing the industry under the purview of USDA oversight and granting access to much needed programs such as crop insurance and federal farming grants.

“By redefining hemp to include its ‘extracts, cannabinoids and derivatives,’ Congress explicitly has removed popular hemp products — such as hemp-derived cannabidiol (CBD) — from the purview of the CSA. Accordingly, the Drug Enforcement Administration no longer has any possible claim to interfere with the interstate commerce of hemp products. This should give comfort to federally regulated institutions — banks, merchant services, credit card companies, e-commerce sites and advertising platforms — to conduct commerce with the hemp and hemp product industry,” writes Jonathan Miller, general counsel to for the Hemp Roundtable in a summary of the bill.

Those convicted of drug felonies will be barred from legal hemp for ten years, with an exception for those already working in state-legal hemp operations.

“This definitive new federal law is going to revolutionize the market for hemp-derived products in America, while opening promising channels to make U.S. hemp companies players on the global stage. We welcome the move from the gray market into the light. Now that there is clear-cut guidance for legal sales of hemp-derived cannabidiol (CBD) products and allowing interstate commerce, American companies can move forward in confidence with domestically sourced hemp and development of cannabinoid products to help consumers seeking to enhance their natural wellness. For a hemp cannabinoid formulation company such as Boulder Botanical & Bioscience Laboratory, we’re setting the standard by strictly adhering to good manufacturing practices and transparent operations—and this recent news will only embolden our mission of delivering carefully formulated hemp products to retailers throughout the U.S.,” says Maruchy Lachance, co-founder and COO of Boulder Botanical & Bioscience Laboratory, in a press release.   

The bill replaces its 2014 predecessor, which granted states some leeway to create hemp pilot programs, provided farmers worked with a state department of agriculture, college or university. Under that measure, legal hemp markets flourished in several states that had allowed for them, but the latest iteration of the Farm Bill seems likely to usher in an era of expanded interstate commerce.

As of this writing, the bill was awaiting final signature from President Trump, though a veto seems unlikely given the widespread support seen in both houses of Congress.  

The Hemp Connoisseur


Current reports on the cannabis industry from various regions: Canada, Europe, India, China and the US.  

All information is from recent sources. Please note:  new articles will appear at the top and updated information will have the notation "Updated" along with the date of change.

European Hemp IndustryGrowing areas from Europe 2014




AgriFoodCanadaReport from AgriFood Canada on hemp seed grain as a food crop.



AlbertHempMarektCosts2012Report on cost of hemp production in Alberta, Canada.





Genome Biology: Cannabis genome - mapping the genetic structure.



CarbonWarRoomCarbon War Room: Impact of the cement industry on CO2 emissions.



ChinaHempProductionHemp Fibre production in China.

China produces 70% of the world supply.  



European Market Data


IndiaHempProductionIndia Industrial Hemp Association



US Farm Act: 2015




Carbon Nanosheets from Hemp





Hembuild Hemclad

Hempcrete Building Systems






Hemp Windrowing Machinery




Internation Hempcrete Resources

USA - Canada - Australia




Hemp Retting: Study





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